cambridgema-gov/permanent-and-labor-conditions-application-h1b-fmbp-nphb
Icon for Socrata external plugin

Query the Data Delivery Network

Query the DDN

The easiest way to query any data on Splitgraph is via the "Data Delivery Network" (DDN). The DDN is a single endpoint that speaks the PostgreSQL wire protocol. Any Splitgraph user can connect to it at data.splitgraph.com:5432 and query any version of over 40,000 datasets that are hosted or proxied by Splitgraph.

For example, you can query the permanent_and_labor_conditions_application_h1b table in this repository, by referencing it like:

"cambridgema-gov/permanent-and-labor-conditions-application-h1b-fmbp-nphb:latest"."permanent_and_labor_conditions_application_h1b"

or in a full query, like:

SELECT
    ":id", -- Socrata column ID
    "fy", -- Federal fiscal year during which the application was submitted.
    "prevailing_wage", -- Prevailing Wage for the job being requested
    "total_workers_lca", -- The number of employees proposed for hire through LCA application
    "pw_unit_of_pay", -- Unit of pay for Prevailing Wage. Valid values include Daily (DAI), Hourly (HR), Bi-weekly (BI), Weekly (WK), Monthly (MTH), and Yearly (YR).
    "naics_major_industry", -- Major industry group, as classified by the first two digits of the NAICS code.
    "naics_minor_industry", -- Minor industry group, as classified by the first three digits of the NAICS code.
    "status", -- Indicates whether application was certified, withdrawn or denied and for certified application applications whether the application was later withdrawn or expired
    "soc_name", -- Detailed occupation as classified by the Bureau of Labor Statistics via the Standard Occupational Classification system.
    "soc_code", -- Occupational code associated with the job title as classified by the Bureau of Labor Statistics via the Standard Occupational Classification system.
    "naics_code", -- Industry code associated with the employer requesting permanent labor condition, as classified by the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS). 
    "soc_broad_group", -- Broad occupation group, as designated by the SOC system.
    "naics_broad_group", -- Broad industry group, as classified by the first two digits of the NAICS code.
    "soc_major_group", -- Major occupation group as classified by the Bureau of Labor Statistics via the Standard Occupational Classification system.
    "visa_program", -- Visa program through which application received (LCA for Labor Conditions Application/H1B or PERM for Permanent Visa program)Type of visa (H-1B, H-1B1 or E-3 Australian visa)
    "soc_minor_group" -- Minor occupation group as classified by the Bureau of Labor Statistics via the Standard Occupational Classification system.
FROM
    "cambridgema-gov/permanent-and-labor-conditions-application-h1b-fmbp-nphb:latest"."permanent_and_labor_conditions_application_h1b"
LIMIT 100;

Connecting to the DDN is easy. All you need is an existing SQL client that can connect to Postgres. As long as you have a SQL client ready, you'll be able to query cambridgema-gov/permanent-and-labor-conditions-application-h1b-fmbp-nphb with SQL in under 60 seconds.

This repository is an "external" repository. That means it's hosted elsewhere, in this case at data.cambridgema.gov. When you querycambridgema-gov/permanent-and-labor-conditions-application-h1b-fmbp-nphb:latest on the DDN, we "mount" the repository using the socrata mount handler. The mount handler proxies your SQL query to the upstream data source, translating it from SQL to the relevant language (in this case SoQL).

We also cache query responses on the DDN, but we run the DDN on multiple nodes so a CACHE_HIT is only guaranteed for subsequent queries that land on the same node.

Query Your Local Engine

Install Splitgraph Locally
bash -c "$(curl -sL https://github.com/splitgraph/splitgraph/releases/latest/download/install.sh)"
 

Read the installation docs.

Splitgraph Cloud is built around Splitgraph Core (GitHub), which includes a local Splitgraph Engine packaged as a Docker image. Splitgraph Cloud is basically a scaled-up version of that local Engine. When you query the Data Delivery Network or the REST API, we mount the relevant datasets in an Engine on our servers and execute your query on it.

It's possible to run this engine locally. You'll need a Mac, Windows or Linux system to install sgr, and a Docker installation to run the engine. You don't need to know how to actually use Docker; sgrcan manage the image, container and volume for you.

There are a few ways to ingest data into the local engine.

For external repositories (like this repository), the Splitgraph Engine can "mount" upstream data sources by using sgr mount. This feature is built around Postgres Foreign Data Wrappers (FDW). You can write custom "mount handlers" for any upstream data source. For an example, we blogged about making a custom mount handler for HackerNews stories.

For hosted datasets, where the author has pushed Splitgraph Images to the repository, you can "clone" and/or "checkout" the data using sgr cloneand sgr checkout.

Mounting Data

This repository is an external repository. It's not hosted by Splitgraph. It is hosted by data.cambridgema.gov, and Splitgraph indexes it. This means it is not an actual Splitgraph image, so you cannot use sgr clone to get the data. Instead, you can use the socrata adapter with the sgr mount command. Then, if you want, you can import the data and turn it into a Splitgraph image that others can clone.

First, install Splitgraph if you haven't already.

Mount the table with sgr mount

sgr mount socrata \
  "cambridgema-gov/permanent-and-labor-conditions-application-h1b-fmbp-nphb" \
  --handler-options '{
    "domain": "data.cambridgema.gov",
    "tables": {
        "permanent_and_labor_conditions_application_h1b": "fmbp-nphb"
    }
}'

That's it! Now you can query the data in the mounted table like any other Postgres table.

Query the data with your existing tools

Once you've loaded the data into your local Splitgraph engine, you can query it with any of your existing tools. As far as they're concerned, cambridgema-gov/permanent-and-labor-conditions-application-h1b-fmbp-nphb is just another Postgres schema.