Icon for Socrata external plugin
Updated almost 4 years ago
Indexed 6 hours ago

Average Length of Hospital Stay for Newborns with and without Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Statewide Health Care Cost Containment Council (PHC4)

Mean Length of Stay (LOS) for all Pennsylvania general acute care hospital stays for newborns, categorized by the presence or absence of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS).

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, or neonatal drug withdrawal, is an array of problems that develops shortly after birth in newborns who were exposed to addictive drugs, most often opioids, while in the mother’s womb. Withdrawal signs develop because these newborns are no longer exposed to the drug for which they have become physically dependent.

This analysis is restricted to newborns with Pennsylvania-state residence who were hospitalized in Pennsylvania hospitals. Additionally, hospital stays with rehabilitation revenue codes and hospital stays that ended in a transfer or mortality were excluded.


PHC4’s database contains statewide hospital discharge data submitted to PHC4 by Pennsylvania hospitals. Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information obtained from the Uniform Claims and Billing Form (UB-82/92/04) data elements. Computer collection edits and validation edits provide opportunity to correct specific errors that may have occurred prior to, during or after submission of data. The ultimate responsibility for data accuracy lies with individual providers.

PHC4 agents and staff make no representation, guarantee, or warranty, expressed or implied that the data received from the hospitals are error-free, or that the use of this data will prevent differences of opinion or disputes with those who use published reports or purchased data. PHC4 will bear no responsibility or liability for the results or consequences of its use.


NameSocrata field nameColumn name in sgr mountData typeDescription
State FIPS Codestate_fips_codestate_fips_codeTextThese are the first 2 digits of the 5-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code that designate the State association. Each State has its own 2-digit number and each County within the state has its own 3-digit number which are combined into a 5-digit number to uniquely identify every US county. For more technical details : Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) are issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) after approval by the Secretary of Commerce pursuant to Section 111 (d) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 as amended by the Computer Security Act of 1987, Public Law 100-235. Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 6-4, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the U.S., Its Possessions, and Associated Areas -- 90 Aug 31 , provides the names and codes that represent the counties and other entities treated as equivalent legal and/or statistical subdivisions of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the possessions and freely associated areas of the United States. Counties are considered to be the "first-order subdivisions" of each State and statistically equivalent entity, regardless of their local designations (county, parish, borough, etc.). Information gathered from census data -
Mean Length of Stay (in days)mean_length_of_stay_in_daysmean_length_of_stay_in_daysNumberThe arithmetic mean (average) length of stay for all hospital stays in the specified category (“With NAS” or “Without NAS”), rounded to the nearest tenth. The length of stay for each hospital stay is calculated as the date of discharge minus the date of admission.
Type of Categorytype_of_categorytype_of_categoryTextSpecifies whether the measurement is for newborn hospital stays where the newborn was diagnosed with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) or without NAS Values: • “With NAS” = Newborn hospital stays with a diagnosis of NAS • “Without NAS” = Newborn hospital stays with no diagnosis of NAS
Time Period Date Endtime_period_date_endtime_period_date_endCalendar dateEnd of the reporting period that covers the hospital stay's discharge date
Time Period Date Starttime_period_date_starttime_period_date_startCalendar dateBeginning of the reporting period that covers the hospital stay's discharge date
State Namestate_namestate_nameTextState Name (Always “Pennsylvania”)
Time Periodtime_periodtime_periodTextReporting period that the measurement is based upon; "FY-" prefix is shorthand for "fiscal year", which begins on July 1st of the previous year and ends on June 30th of the stated year
  • average_length_of_hospital_stay_for_newborns_with
Upstream Metadata