Occupational Wages 2018 Labor and Industry
Represents a comprehensive collection of occupational wage data available for Pennsylvania. Data are collected through the Occupational Employment Statistics program in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics. Occupational wage information can be used as a reference by educators, PACareerLink® staff, career counselors, Workforce Development Boards, economic developers, program planners, and others.
Occupational wages do not represent a time series. Due to the prescribed production methodology, current occupational wages are not comparable to previously published occupational wages.
|Name||Socrata field name||Column name in ||Data type||Description|
|Wage Period||wage_period||wage_period||Text||Identifies the most recent period of data included in the wage calculation. Each semi-annual panel represents one-sixth of the sample for the full three-year sample. Utilizing three years of data significantly reduces sampling error, but requires the adjustment of the earlier two years of wage data to the current time period using the national Employment Cost Index or ECI.|
|Average Annual Wage||average_annual_wage||average_annual_wage||Number||Average wage in this publication refers to the mean wage. Wage data in the OES program are collected and grouped in 12 intervals. The number of employees in an occupation that are paid at each wage interval is multiplied by the mid-point of the interval. These products are then summed and the sum is divided by total employment for the occupation to obtain a mean hourly wage for the occupation. Hourly wages are converted to annual wages by multiplying by 2,080 hours.|
|SOC||soc||soc||Text||Occupations are classified based on the revised national Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. The revised SOC was developed in response to a growing need for a universal occupational classification system. The system, which is designed to cover all occupations in which work is performed for pay or profit, reflects the current occupational structure in the US. It is used by all federal agencies to classify workers into occupational categories for the purpose of collecting, calculating, or disseminating data. Occupations are combined to form major and minor groups requiring similar job duties, skills, education, or experience.|
|SOC Title||soc_title||soc_title||Text||The Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) Title conveys in brief the occupations represented by the SOC code.|
|Experienced Annual Wage||experienced_annual_wage||experienced_annual_wage||Number||The mean of the upper two-thirds of the wages for an occupation. This calculation is provided as a proxy for an experienced-level wage.|
|Area Name||area_name||area_name||Text||The English name for Pennsylvania state or the appropriate Pennsylvania County for that row.|
|County Code||county_code||county_code||Text||Two-digit county code includes the leading zeroes. There are 67 counties in Pennsylvania.|
|State FIPS||state_fips||state_fips||Text||These are the first 2 digits of the 5-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code that designate the State association. Each State has its own 2-digit number and each County within the state has its own 3-digit number which are combined into a 5-digit number to uniquely identify every US county. For more technical details : Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) are issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) after approval by the Secretary of Commerce pursuant to Section 111 (d) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 as amended by the Computer Security Act of 1987, Public Law 100-235. Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 6-4, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the U.S., Its Possessions, and Associated Areas -- 90 Aug 31 , provides the names and codes that represent the counties and other entities treated as equivalent legal and/or statistical subdivisions of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the possessions and freely associated areas of the United States. Counties are considered to be the "first-order subdivisions" of each State and statistically equivalent entity, regardless of their local designations (county, parish, borough, etc.). Information gathered from census data - https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/codes/cou.html|
|Entry Annual Wage||entry_annual_wage||entry_annual_wage||Number||The mean of the lower-third of the wages for an occupation. This calculation is provided as a proxy for an entry-level wage.|
|Wage Area||wage_area||wage_area||Text||Name of the area indicated in Wage Type.|
|Wage Type||wage_type||wage_type||Text||Indicates the geographical level for which the occupational wage is provided. When county wages are not available, the wage for the smallest available geographic area that includes the county is substituted. Wage Types are County (CTY), Workforce Development Area (WDA), Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) or Pennsylvania (PA).|
|County FIPS||county_fips||county_fips||Text||The FIPS county code is a five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code (FIPS 6-4) which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States, certain U.S. possessions, and certain freely associated states. This is the 3-digit part of the 5-digit county FIPS code specifically standing for the county.|