Query the Data Delivery Network

Query the DDN

The easiest way to query any data on Splitgraph is via the "Data Delivery Network" (DDN). The DDN is a single endpoint that speaks the PostgreSQL wire protocol. Any Splitgraph user can connect to it at and query any version of over 40,000 datasets that are hosted or proxied by Splitgraph.

For example, you can query the epa_air_quality_data_pollutants table in this repository, by referencing it like:


or in a full query, like:

    ":id", -- Socrata column ID
    "observation_percent", -- The percent representing the number of observations taken with respect to the number scheduled to be taken during the day.
    "first_max_hour", -- The hour (on a 24-hour clock) when the highest value for the day was taken.
    "arithmetic_mean", -- The average (arithmetic mean) value for the day.
    "date_local", -- The calendar date for the summary.
    "parameter", -- The name or description assigned in AQS to the parameter measured by the monitor.
    "parameter_code", -- The AQS (Air Quality System) code corresponding to the parameter (pollutant) measured by the monitor.
    "first_max_value", -- The highest value for the day.
    "observation_count", -- The number of observations (samples) taken during the day.
    "event_type", -- Indicates whether data measured during exceptional events (such as a wildfire) are included in the summary.
    "method", -- A short description of the processes, equipment, and protocols used in gathering and measuring the sample.
    "pollutant_standard", -- A description of the ambient air quality standard rules used to aggregate statistics.
    "units_of_measure", -- The unit of measure for the parameter.
    "sample_duration", -- The length of time that air passes through the monitoring device before it is measured.
    "local_site_name", -- The name of the site (if any) given by the State, local, or tribal air pollution control agency that operates it.
    "aqi" -- The Air Quality Index for the day for the pollutant, if applicable.
LIMIT 100;

Connecting to the DDN is easy. All you need is an existing SQL client that can connect to Postgres. As long as you have a SQL client ready, you'll be able to query cambridgema-gov/epa-air-quality-data-pollutants-43k6-pjtt with SQL in under 60 seconds.

Query Your Local Engine

Install Splitgraph Locally
bash -c "$(curl -sL"

Read the installation docs.

Splitgraph Cloud is built around Splitgraph Core (GitHub), which includes a local Splitgraph Engine packaged as a Docker image. Splitgraph Cloud is basically a scaled-up version of that local Engine. When you query the Data Delivery Network or the REST API, we mount the relevant datasets in an Engine on our servers and execute your query on it.

It's possible to run this engine locally. You'll need a Mac, Windows or Linux system to install sgr, and a Docker installation to run the engine. You don't need to know how to actually use Docker; sgrcan manage the image, container and volume for you.

There are a few ways to ingest data into the local engine.

For external repositories, the Splitgraph Engine can "mount" upstream data sources by using sgr mount. This feature is built around Postgres Foreign Data Wrappers (FDW). You can write custom "mount handlers" for any upstream data source. For an example, we blogged about making a custom mount handler for HackerNews stories.

For hosted datasets (like this repository), where the author has pushed Splitgraph Images to the repository, you can "clone" and/or "checkout" the data using sgr cloneand sgr checkout.

Cloning Data

Because cambridgema-gov/epa-air-quality-data-pollutants-43k6-pjtt:latest is a Splitgraph Image, you can clone the data from Spltgraph Cloud to your local engine, where you can query it like any other Postgres database, using any of your existing tools.

First, install Splitgraph if you haven't already.

Clone the metadata with sgr clone

This will be quick, and does not download the actual data.

sgr clone cambridgema-gov/epa-air-quality-data-pollutants-43k6-pjtt

Checkout the data

Once you've cloned the data, you need to "checkout" the tag that you want. For example, to checkout the latest tag:

sgr checkout cambridgema-gov/epa-air-quality-data-pollutants-43k6-pjtt:latest

This will download all the objects for the latest tag of cambridgema-gov/epa-air-quality-data-pollutants-43k6-pjtt and load them into the Splitgraph Engine. Depending on your connection speed and the size of the data, you will need to wait for the checkout to complete. Once it's complete, you will be able to query the data like you would any other Postgres database.

Alternatively, use "layered checkout" to avoid downloading all the data

The data in cambridgema-gov/epa-air-quality-data-pollutants-43k6-pjtt:latest is 0 bytes. If this is too big to download all at once, or perhaps you only need to query a subset of it, you can use a layered checkout.:

sgr checkout --layered cambridgema-gov/epa-air-quality-data-pollutants-43k6-pjtt:latest

This will not download all the data, but it will create a schema comprised of foreign tables, that you can query as you would any other data. Splitgraph will lazily download the required objects as you query the data. In some cases, this might be faster or more efficient than a regular checkout.

Read the layered querying documentation to learn about when and why you might want to use layered queries.

Query the data with your existing tools

Once you've loaded the data into your local Splitgraph Engine, you can query it with any of your existing tools. As far as they're concerned, cambridgema-gov/epa-air-quality-data-pollutants-43k6-pjtt is just another Postgres schema.

Related Documentation: